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Hing Cultivation in India: Asafoetida asafetida cultivation first started in India, know all about it

New Delhi. The efforts of CSIR’s constituent laboratory, IHBT-Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology, Palampur, have led to a historic shift in agricultural practices for farmers in the remote Lahaul Valley of Himachal Pradesh. With this change, the farmers here (Hing Cultivation in India) have now taken over the cultivation of Asafotida (asafoetida) (with the aim of making use of the very barren land in the cold desert conditions of the region). CSIR-IHBT produced asafetida seeds for it and developed its agro-technology. 740 crores are spent on the import of asafoetida Asafoetida is one of the most important spices and is a high quality spice crop in Hing Cultivation in India. India imports about 1,200 tons of crude asafoetida annually from Afghanistan, Iran and Uzbekistan and spends about $ 100 million a year on it. Asafoetida cultivation started in India- In India, the lack of plant material from plants called Ferula asa-photida was a major bottleneck in the cultivation of this crop. The first plant of Asafotida (Asafoetida) in a peasant farm in the village of Quaring in the Lahaul Valley by Dr. Sanjay Kumar, Director of CSIR-IHBT, on October 15, 2020, with the aim of introducing the cultivation of Asafotida (Asafoetida) in India was planted. As Asafotida (Asafoetida) is an important spice of Indian cuisine, the CSIR-IHBT team has worked tirelessly to introduce this important crop to the country. The institute began using six bunches of seeds brought from Iran through the ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (ICAR-NBPGR), New Delhi, in October 2018. ICAR-NBPGR confirmed that the last thirty. This was the first attempt to use Asafotida (Ferula asa-photida) seeds in the country in a year. ICAR-IHBT grew asafetida plants under the supervision of NBPGR at CEHAB, Ribling, Lahaul and Spiti in Himachal Pradesh. This plant prefers cool and dry conditions for its growth and it takes about five years for the resin called olio-gum to grow in its roots. This is the reason that the cold desert areas of the Indian Himalayan region are suitable for the cultivation of Asafotida (asafoetida).
Raw asafotida (asafoetida) is extracted from the fleshy roots of Ferula asa fossetida as olio gum resin. There are about 130 species of Ferula in the world, but only the economically important species Ferula asa-fetidis is used to produce Asafotida (asafoetida). In India we do not have Ferula asa-Fotida, but other species of Ferula jessecena are found in the Western Himalayas (Chamba, Himachal Pradesh) and in Ferula narthex Kashmir and Ladakh, which are not Asafotida (Asafoetida) species.

Scientists from CSIR-IHBT also organized training programs related to the cultivation of asafoetida and the establishment of a seed production chain and the cultivation of asafoetida on a commercial scale with the cooperation of State Agriculture Department officials in Madharan, Beeling and Keylong in Lahaul Valley, Demonstration plots of Himachal Pradesh were established in the said villages. Asafoetida is made from raw materials from abroad Shyam Prasad, a native of Hathras and knowledgeable asafoetida, says resin (milk) comes from Iran, Afghanistan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. This milk comes from a plant. Traders used to bring milk directly to Hathras. But now the Khari Babli area of ​​Delhi has become a big market. But even today the trial work is done in Hathras. 15 large and 45 small units do this job. Olio gum resin (milk) is processed with flower from the plant. Some units have also opened in Kanpur. Apart from the asafoetida which is made in the country, the Gulf states are exported to Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain etc.

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