Raw asafotida (asafoetida) is extracted from the fleshy roots of Ferula asa fossetida as olio gum resin. There are about 130 species of Ferula in the world, but only the economically important species Ferula asa-fetidis is used to produce Asafotida (asafoetida). In India we do not have Ferula asa-Fotida, but other species of Ferula jessecena are found in the Western Himalayas (Chamba, Himachal Pradesh) and in Ferula narthex Kashmir and Ladakh, which are not Asafotida (Asafoetida) species.
Scientists from CSIR-IHBT also organized training programs related to the cultivation of asafoetida and the establishment of a seed production chain and the cultivation of asafoetida on a commercial scale with the cooperation of State Agriculture Department officials in Madharan, Beeling and Keylong in Lahaul Valley, Demonstration plots of Himachal Pradesh were established in the said villages. Asafoetida is made from raw materials from abroad Shyam Prasad, a native of Hathras and knowledgeable asafoetida, says resin (milk) comes from Iran, Afghanistan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. This milk comes from a plant. Traders used to bring milk directly to Hathras. But now the Khari Babli area of Delhi has become a big market. But even today the trial work is done in Hathras. 15 large and 45 small units do this job. Olio gum resin (milk) is processed with flower from the plant. Some units have also opened in Kanpur. Apart from the asafoetida which is made in the country, the Gulf states are exported to Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain etc.